Windows 11

Windows 11 is here, and although it brings several improvements, some functions come with bugs or modifications that users do not quite like. Although it is very likely that these defects will be fixed with updates, here you can see how to solve most of them.

It is true that the new operating system comes with several changes that improve from the security system to the aesthetic, including aspects such as live subtitles for the entire operating system, a better interface for task manager or intelligent control of applications.


However, when comparing certain aspects to Windows 10, there are several design changes that are annoying for users. Luckily, there is a way to fix most of these failures. Look how.


Failures of windows 11


Apparently, the new Windows 11 wallpaper is not the favorite of many users. Most of the complaints are that the design isn’t up to the task of the new system. If you would like to change it, the process is very simple.

First, click on the desktop with the right mouse button, select personalize, and then bottom-click on it. There will be all the options to change it. If you want a different option to those offered by Windows, you can go to Wallpaper Cave yourporn.


Changing the default browser is much more difficult on Windows 11 than it is on Windows 10. This is likely intended to force Edger. But here’s how to do it:

  • Go to Windows Settings, you can do it by pressing the Windows + I keys at the same time.
  • Then go to Applications -> Default Applications.
  • There you can select the browser that you want to be the new default.
  • Then, various types of web files will appear (HTTP, HTTPS, .html, .xhtml, or .htm). You have to select all or the ones you use so that they open with the new browser



Although the Windows 11 start menu is aesthetically appealing, it has less information than the one in W10. To see all the applications, you have to double click. Unfortunately, if you want to see more applications and build a custom menu, you must download applications like StartAllBack or Start11 (which are paid).


One of the most useful widgets is the weather widget. However, Windows 11 does not have it automatically, as happened in Windows 10 in which it did appear on the taskbar. If you want to get this information, you should download Weather Bar or Weather Bug. Then activate it in settings.


Windows 11 no longer allows you to resize the taskbar. However, there is a way to do it, although it is a bit cumbersome. If you miss this setting, try doing the following:

  • Press the Windows + R keys, and type Regedit.
  • There, follow the following string: HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software \ Microsoft \ Windows \
  • CurrentVersion \ Explorer \ Advanced
  • You then need to generate a new DWORD (32-bit) value by right-clicking in the right window pane and selecting New and then DWORD (32-bit) Value.
  • Name the value as TaskbarSi.
  • We set the value to 0, 1, or 2, depending on whether you want the bar to be small, medium, or large. The value is set by double-clicking on TaskbarSi.
  • Then close Regedit, reboot and see how the taskbar has changed.




Since the late 1990s, video games have become one of the most popular entertainment options for children and adolescents. Although it has been shown that their use can bring some benefits for children, excessive use can have negative consequences for their development.

Especially since the Covid-19 pandemic, children’s screen time has increased considerably. They no longer only function as a form of entertainment, but have also become part of their routines thanks to online classes. On average, American children spend between 5 and 7 hours watching some kind of screen.


Playing video games does not always have to be negative, and it has been shown that they can increase concentration, improve visuospatial skills, develop their ability to solve conflicts or problems, among others.

However, parents should be aware of different symptoms of possible addiction. In this article you will see what they are, their consequences and how they can be avoided.




The WHO recognises “video game disorder” as an official condition and in some countries, such as China and South Korea, there are already centres to treat video game addiction. These are the symptoms you may notice in your child if your child is developing a condition due to video games:

  • They are having an impact on their school performance.
  • Playing video games for more than 6 hours at a time.
  • No interest in spending time with friends, peers or family tukif.
  • Mood swings and irritability or anger when unable to play.
  • Avoids homework or commitments in order to play.
  • Only feels happy when playing.
  • Lack of concentration on other activities.
  • Does not spend time outdoors.
  • Uses video games to avoid problems or difficulties.




According to the Healthy Children organisation, there are certain characteristics that can make a child more vulnerable to suffering from video game addiction: boys, suffering from disorders such as anxiety or depression, having problems with aggression or shyness. Also, children suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be even more prone.

One of the reasons why video games cause addiction is because they activate the brain’s reward system. If a child is unfamiliar with managing their emotions, has low frustration tolerance and problems in their academic or interpersonal life, this can be particularly attractive. However, there are steps parents can take to help their children develop a healthy video game habit:

  • Create a schedule for media and screen consumption: Although difficult, especially after the pandemic with the rise of online classes, it is recommended that children spend no more than 2 hours in front of screens.
  • Know the games your child plays: It is important to know the type of game, what messages it has and how it can affect them.
  • Ideally, keep video games in common areas so that you can keep an eye on them.
  • Playing with them can help them to not only bond, but also setting an example of limits can be beneficial.
  • Playing outdoors: In addition to video games, it is good to encourage them to do other outdoor activities, as well as having contact with other people. Another excellent option is creative activities, such as painting or playing with toys.







One of the biggest revolutions today is taking place in the field of education thanks to e-learning, or online education. While online education is not exactly new, its popularisation during the pandemic, and at all levels, has put the spotlight on e-learning. Is it better or worse than face-to-face education?

According to Forbes, the global online learning market is estimated to reach $325 billion by 2025. This would be a significant growth from the $107 billion it reached in 2015. Virtual education has been growing for several years now, especially at the university and professional learning levels.


Universities such as Stanford and Harvard, as well as numerous platforms such as Coursera and Platzi, have popularised online learning. This, coupled with the new needs for basic education that emerged during the pandemic, has put the focus on this type of modality. It is therefore important to analyse what strengths it offers, as well as the drawbacks it may have.




As mentioned above, online education can have several advantages related to time, access, quality of education, learner participation, among others. Let’s look at them in detail:



Especially with the asynchronous mode, online education allows for flexibility of scheduling. You can choose when to watch the class, and how much time to dedicate to each module. Also, the fact that you do not have to travel or leave your home requires less effort and also helps you to use your travel time for other activities.



In e-learning, lectures are often recorded, and materials are available for students to access whenever they need them.


Online classes generally rely more on the learner to review materials and process information on their own, with the teacher or tutor acting as a guide rather than a knowledge provider. This forces the learner to develop essential skills such as organisation, discipline, critical and analytical skills,  porno français, among others.


Just because students do not physically meet in a classroom does not mean that interaction and social learning is neglected. In online classes, participation can also take place seamlessly through live classes, forums, group activities and chats.


Online education can allow technology to be integrated, especially for the younger generation, in practical and entertaining ways to engage attention. Also, it is not limited to resources such as space (many people can be allowed in the same class), or time (the class remains recorded for whoever needs it).




Although e-learning is seen as a solution to many problems, as in traditional education, it is limited by the socio-economic situation of many families who do not have access to communication technologies.


This is most often seen in developing countries or in rural areas, where access to the Internet can be problematic. Therefore, as evidenced during the pandemic, many children may be left behind because they do not have the necessary resources.


Although, as mentioned above, online classes help the learner to develop skills on their own, not all children (and even adults) have the organisational skills necessary to meet the goals set, or the learning expected.
Lack of teacher experience

One thing that was particularly noticeable in the pandemic is that this type of education requires extra effort to capture students’ attention, as well as creativity in proposing activities suitable for the new modality. Lack of technology training for teachers can lead to poor quality courses and content.


If in a classroom you only needed a chalk and a blackboard to teach, in online education you need to have different resources for both access and assessment. Likewise, any connection failure or difficulty with the use of platforms can hinder the class.





Are Tablets and Phones Like Cigarettes for Children?

Are Tablets and Phones Like Cigarettes for Children?

We’ve all experienced it – probably even done it – a parent is preoccupied with their phone as the child sits nearby. It could be at the doctor’s office, the supermarket, playground, or even a restaurant. When parents or caregivers fail to limit their phone use, they may be unwillingly setting up their children to be addicted to screens. It works the same way as secondhand smoke, in that hanging around smokers frequently can cause an addiction or ailments such as cancer, heart and lung diseases. 


An Addiction

Are Tablets and Phones Like Cigarettes for Children?

Experts believe that if the desire for technology builds up in infancy, kids may become addicted. Children who are exposed to excessive use of technology at a young age may experience difficulty in communication skills. Language and development experts are concerned about the kids’ phone addition trend. It’s now common to see children in kindergarten with inadequate communication and social skills xnxx. They cannot handle formal social interactions such as placing an order at the restaurant. 


Different Effects but Similar Risks

Although parents’ phones would not give their children asthma or lung cancer, there is an alarming parallel between parents’ phone addiction and cigarette smoking. When the Environmental Protection Agency first warned people against secondhand smoke in 1991, many people didn’t take the advice seriously until 30 years later when scientists confirmed that smoking cigarettes cause cancer. The same applies to the overreliance on smartphones. We know the perils, but few of us are willing to ditch the habit. 

We cannot wait for another two decades or three to heed the advice of limiting technology use because the damage will already be done by then. Imagine two or more generations going down the drain because of failure to comply now. A child’s communication clock starts ticking from the first day. If they don’t experience quality interactions with their caregivers or parents, there may not recover. 


The Role of Parents and Caregivers

Are Tablets and Phones Like Cigarettes for Children?

Children need regular, quality interactions with their parents. This includes talking, singing, reading, listening, and playing together. Such activities help spike a kid’s language development and help them to acquire communication skills. It provides the brain food they need to prepare for a successful future. 

Parents should notice and respond when their kids make eye contact, facial expressions, gestures, or express their emotions. If there are fewer of these interactions on a daily, a child’s social development foundation is weakened. That may potentially affect their readiness for formal education and could have a ripple effect throughout their lives. Parents wouldn’t respond appropriately if they were buried deep into their screens. 


Fixing Kids’ Screen Time Addiction

The solution is to train your children to use their devices responsibly. While the smartphone habit might not be easy to kick, making intentional steps will go a long way. Caregivers and parents have a huge responsibility to diffuse the communications time bomb. The first step is to recognize that you may be losing your little one to the bright screens and then take actionable steps towards changing the situation.

How Schools Can Prepare Students for Future Jobs

The job market is rapidly changing, and the current trends in terms of skills
will probably not suit the job market in the future. Schools play a vital role in preparing students for the future. Schools need to adopt a curriculum that imparts more than the basic skills of reading, writing, and doing calculations. Schools need to churn out students with essential skills such as effective communication, critical thinking, teamwork, and digital skills that meet the demands of the job market. Here are ways in which schools and educators can prepare students for the future.

1. Emphasize teamwork

The modern job environment demands that workers must possess the
capacity to work as a team. Academic institutions must encourage students
to build effective communication skills, learn to compromise, negotiate, and
share credits. These skills allow one to become a valuable team player in
company projects. Schools can instill these skills by encouraging students to
work in teams on class projects and assignments. Each member should have a chance to take up the role of team manager for at least one project. This way, students learn and acquire leadership skills. The overall aim is for
students to learn to work in close collaboration and in harmony to deliver

2. Teach students the significance of continuous learning

The world is continuously changing. Digital technology on which almost every aspect of business runs is continually evolving. Schools need to encourage students to continuously learn and update their skills to stay at par with the ever-changing films x français demands of the workforce. The idea that learning ends after college or university is entirely out of this world. Learning institutions can implement flexible education and training programs to accommodate already working.Students should not limit themselves to what they learn in class. Teachers should encourage students to improve their skills through other resources like online courses.

3. Implement an all-rounded curriculum

There is a strong emphasis on STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) subjects. However, arts and humanities have a place in the curriculum and the world at large. Some students want to pursue humanities, creative arts, or become independent thinkers (Philosophers). History, for example, gives a perspective of past innovators and innovations and their impact –therefore modern innovators can create at the same time avoid negative unintended and prospective negative repercussions associated with innovation.

4. Teach problem-solving skills

In the workplace, it is not all about solving a problem but approaching the solution in the best way possible. Schools can help build problem-solving skills by allowing students a platform to make decisions and solve problems by themselves. Such platforms built a capacity in the students to see problems from different perspectives and formulate possible solutions. The ability to think and act promptly is useful in all careers.

5. Teach digital skills

Almost every aspect of the modern world is digitized. Employers are looking to hire graduates equipped with digital knowledge and skills to handle different technologies. While most students understand and adapt quickly to technology, some lack porno incesti access to digital gadgets (computers, tablets, and phones) beyond the school environment. Schools ought to support students acquire and build strong digital skills. The good thing is that many of the digital tools incorporate well into regular class programs.

6.Develop effective communication skills

Communications skills will always remain relevant to the job market. Teachers must teach and encourage effective written and oral communication. Students must understand the various forms of communications including digital (such as email) communication. Learners must know how to speak tukif love confidently, audibly and clearly. Schools can create platforms where students can practice and master essential aspects of communication such as formal and informal communication, enunciation, gestures, and eye contact. Schools should teach students how to use technology tools to proof and check written communication.

7. Train on resilience

The workplace is ever dynamic, and students need to respond and adapt positively to changes in their environment. Schools need to equip students
with a resilient attitude that eliminates the fear associated with change. The
school can vary their teaching strategies or the classroom set up to teach students to adapt. A positive attitude towards change allows the students to
grow their mindset. A positive attitude towards failure is a crucial part of
resilience. Failure does not justify quitting; it is part of a learning process.

8. Teachers to lead in innovation

Second to parents, teachers remain the most influential people in young learners. Teachers influence multitudes of learners throughout their teaching careers. How can teachers become innovative? Newly trained teachers can take up jobs (outside the teaching profession) in tech companies and other sectors instead of going straight to teaching. The experience garnered creates all-rounded and creative teachers who go beyond teaching to become innovators.

5 Big Ways Education Will Change by 2020

Each year, education changes with various aspects, including technology and learners. This article focuses on the responses as per the world’s top innovative companies concerning the future of education. According to their predictions, here are some ways education will change by 2020.

1. Students will interact remotely

It still wonders why modern classroom remain the same for more than thirty years except small upgrades like the modern chalkboard and the use of texts instead of notes. Joe Williams (The Executive Director of Democrats for Education Reforms” notes that manyexcept a few public schools are yet to embrace the radical changes driven by technology. This does not imply
having computers in the classrooms, but there is a slow shift in the adoption of technology to make work more comfortable and efficient. According to Joe William’s prediction, education will continue to shift towards individualized instructions for learners. Hadley Ferguson – executive director, Edcamp Foundation concurs. The digital-native kids can interact with other learners, teachers, scientists, authors and experts beyond the classroom to enhance their learning. The kids who pursue a career in teaching will continue to build and leverage their online learning communities.

2. The success of technology will continue to depend on skilled teachers

Despite advancements in technology, teachers will continue to teach and
administer tests. The co-founder of Bridge International Academies Shannon May predicts that educational needs will determine the adoption of technology. Instead of increasing the number of tablets among learners,
technology will evolve ways to supplement ideal learning. Jake Schwartz, the CEO cum Cofounder of General porno gratuit français assemble foresees that advancements in
technology will show its limitation. He notes that online learning is not a
solution for issues around education, but it can enhance access to training of new skills. However, this is effective if coupled with curricula and learning programs developed and guided by practitioner educators. The human factor is indispensable.

3. The perception of diplomas will change

According to Schwartz, there is a threat to the sustainability of institutions
that depend on tuition. The threat arises from the pressure to maintain
tuition fees down coupled with the increasing number of people with
crippling student debt. This will drive innovations and changes in institutions of higher learning. Institutions will unbundle their degree programs and start to focus on cnxx relevant competency-based curricula and compete for students. Institutions of higher education will begin to focus on filling the gap between education and the demands of workforce. Until its implementation, society will continue to see diplomas as less relevant. These certifications will not prove competence but only indicate the number of years a person spent in school.

4. The voice of students will become louder

Kirsten Saenz Tobey – cofound of Revolution Foods once conducted a little
research in a school cafeteria. She sought the views of students about their
meal options. One of the students responded by asking, “Does the look like
it was prepared by someone who respects me?” according to Tobey,
students make up their customers and if they feel not respected or heard
they will not consider the healthier xvideo gratuit options by her company. The company has a mobile app where kids can see nutritional information, menu and provide feedback on what the company serves. Tobey says that engaging and respecting learners will undeniably be essential in the future.

5. Schools and educators will have to adapt

The above factors will push for institutions across the globe to change and
adapt to the changes. Education will adjust its strategies, techniques, and
curricula. These changes happen every year, and new technology comes
another change.

Trio on Trial: The Dan Dare Trilogy (Virgin)

As far as I am concerned, there was only ever one comic worth getting. Forget your Dandys, Beanos and 2000ADs, none of them came close to Eagle. The reason for Eagle’s excellence was all due to two characters.
Doomlord was a photo-story of a person who changed into a monster which used to absolutely terrify me. Dan Dare was the star of the show, though, as he went about saving everything that needed saving and generally being heroic. The perfect person, in fact, to star in his own computer game….

Dan Dare

I don’t know what it is about these Classix reviews, but I always seem to be reviewing my favourite ever games. And this is certainly no exception.
Dan Dare starts with you (as DD, surprisingly) in your little space ship speeding over an asteroid. This is no ordinary asteroid though. It has been hollowed out by Dan’s sworn enemy, the evil Mekon (a little green geezer with a disproportionally large head who sits on a hovering platform). Inside, the Mekon has placed an atomic bomb and you can guess which planet he is going to send this deadly contraption on a collision course with. The only hope for the Earth is for Dan to enter the asteroid and detonate its self- destruct system.

The asteroid contains many rooms connected by platforms and lifts. There are 5 keys to collect in order to activate the self-destruct system. Once you find the first, you take it to a special room and a door to another section of the asteroid will slide open. Trying to stop you achieve this task is an army of Treens (the Mekon version of the Stromtrooper – incapable of actually shooting the enemy) and various other gun emplacements.

There is a refreshingly different system of ‘lives’. You have two hours of real time to complete the game and only one life. Each time you run out of energy (after being shot or falling a long distance) you collapse and are taken to a prison cell. This takes up to 10 valuable minutes. Every level has its own cell, except the last, which is located near the entrance to that level. In effect, therefore, you have to complete the whole level each time you fall unconscious. Dan Dare is a huge game.

A map will come in handy, especially when you are low on energy or ammunition and need to find more, but is by no means essential. There is a great sense of exploring dangerous new areas each time you enter a new level and, coupled with the fact that every level has something different about it (eg enemies, obstacles, graphics), you always want to get that bit further every time.

Apart from the non-existent music, there is nothing bad about this game. From the cartoon supplied with the game to the colourful graphics to the addictive gameplay to the asteroid exploding sequence at the end, everything is first rate.

Dan Dare 2

In all my time involved with computers, this was the game I have most looked forward to being released. I couldn’t wait for the follow up to my favourite game Dan Dare and after seeing the screenshots in the magazines, I began dribbling with anticipation. Unfortunately, I don’t remember ever being so disappointed after buying and playing a new game.

That’s not to say its appalling, its just nowhere as good as its predecessor. The reason for this is that the playability is simply not there. The idea for the game is good (you must kill new Super Treens in incubation on board a space ship), the enemy forces are nicely varied, the hovering buggy you fly makes a nice change from the norm, the problems you encounter are challenging and the graphics are well detailed and colourful. It should be a good game but it definitely isn’t.

This has to be one of the most annoying games ever. The collision detection is so bad you can shoot an enemy several times and he still kills you. Your ship responds sluggishly (possibly deliberately) which produces the feeling you have died because of a lack of response to your commands. Worst of all, you can get stuck under an attribute square. This drives you mad when you need to escape down the passage quickly.

If just a little more time had been spent on this game, the problems could have been ironed out and all the good work that was put into the rest of the game would have been realised.

Dan Dare 3

This is a very easy game to review. All the normal things you look for in a game like addictiveness, playability, excitement, involvement, a challenge, decent sound and graphics do not matter. There is one insurmountable drawback with Dan Dare 3 – it’s far too easy.

I completed it on my second go after less than two hours play. And don’t forget that I’m a senior member of the I’m Crap At Games Society. What is the point in spending many hours and hundreds of pounds creating a game so easy that you will only ever play it once or twice? I feel sorry for anyone who spent £10 on this when it came out. That’s £10 for two hours play. No game is that good.

It’s such a shame because it would be quite a good game otherwise. I suppose at today’s car boot sale prices of 50p a game it’s just about worth buying. But it’s still disappointing because you don’t feel you’ve accomplished anything by completing πορνο.


So it’s a bit of an odd trilogy, is Dan Dare. It could so easily have consisted of three classic games, but as it stands there is only one. Hopefully, the Dan Dare film that is about to go into production will bring some fame and fortune for Mr Dare and not be the embarrassment that other recent films of cartoon characters have been.

IT Company’s mission and main tasks

Research and Development

The aim of this project is the research of effective methods, tools and technologies to support the management of any software factory based on modern Software Engineering principles. Here is a list of the main subjects we have studied during the period 1998-2000:
• Software engineering processes to support object oriented software development
• Benchmarking of state-of-the-art software tools supporting the four basic activities of Software Engineering: Requirements definition, Design, Implementation and Testing
• Innovative tools for requirements definition: in particular we have analysed and tested the CIRCE system, a highly innovative tool developed by the University of Pisa, based on Natural Language Processing techniques. Two of our pilot research projects have used CIRCE in order to estimate its efficaciousness in realistic conditions
• State of art and analysis of tools to support activities such as configuration management, bug tracking, automatic document production and stress testing 
Definition of a general model to be employed within a software factory for web based applications.
At the moment we are focusing on the so-called “Light” software development methodologies that promise a smoother development process. In particular the eXtreme Programming methodology is being used for some of our projects, in order to identify advantages and drawbacks. This experimentation has allowed us to carry out a detailed and comparative analysis between eXtreme Programming and other methodologies, in order to identify when it is preferable to use this new methodology instead of traditional ones.



This project aims at studying and experimenting new technologies able to supply the existing range of offered telecom services through multiple communication channels. Our interest is focused on the integration and convergence of technologies such as SMS, WAP, Sim Application toolkit and speech recognition systems with traditional Internet technologies in order to give access to our services through multiple access points (mobile phones, PC, Web TV, palm PC).
Our activities are related to the following topics:
• Study of development environments for different access devices: Palm computers (Palm OS, Windows CE), GSM telephones (SAT)
• Content management: different access channels require different presentation procedures depending on the used access media. Our objective is to hold a unified representation of the information to be used to work out the best presentation for the selected communication channel. The technology used is XML/XSL
• Security architecture for wireless financial services and their integration with home banking and telephone banking services. We have also studied different methods of employing digital signature in wireless environment in full compliance with the Italian law in force.

Multimedia data

This project focuses on the transmission of multimedia data over videoconferencing systems. Our main purpose is to study and evaluate all the relevant technologies, software applications, international standards and audio/video encoding formats, along with the integration of different tools. The ultimate goal is to design and deploy new videoconferencing services able to work over different network topologies.
This project involves the benchmarking of products and technologies currently available in the marketplace. These activities have led to the design of hybrid videoconferencing systems based on medium-to-low-cost solutions. Together with the study we have designed a demo service in order to run a number of performance tests.
For each system we evaluate:
• Its main features
• The degree of integration with other products
• Different network configuration with varying performance levels
• The integration between LAN and ISDN networks and the resulting services
• How it supports IP Multicast network communications
• The initial resources and time required to start up the enabled services
• Network performance and audio/video quality of available services through analysis tools.

All these activities focus on medium-to-low-cost systems. The demo service has been set up to create videoconference events within Intranets as well as across different networks. For instance, remote endpoints can take part in or simply receive broadcast content from conferences running in the Enterprise Intranet; this can be accomplished using either H323/IP or native H320/ISDN protocols. In order to evaluate this kind of services in a real-world film porno scenario, the demo service runs on the same main Fst network.

Strategies for Teaching Children Responsible Use of Technology

Ensuring our children develop positive values and a sense of ethical and responsible use of technology is our responsibility as adults. Many educators shared their ideas for accomplishing this in their classrooms in a Computer Learning Month 1990 contest. The strategies described below are only a sampling of the many outstanding ideas the Foundation received, and are intended to help teachers begin meeting this important challenge.

Many teachers seized the opportunity to introduce responsible computing into their classrooms with the Computer Learning Month 1990 student storybook competition. Teachers introduced the Foundation’s Code of Responsible Computing, lead class discussions on the different legal and ethical issues addressed in the Code, then directed students to create storybooks on responsible computing. Storybooks included hero/heroines championing positive computer ethics, fables where the moral of the story is to be an ethical computer user, and serious essays on the importance of ethical computing.

Donald Bullock of Knolls Elementary School in Simi Valley, California, was the grand prize winner in the elementary category of the teaching strategies contest with his teaching units based on the Foundation’s Code of Responsible Computing. In each unit, concepts are first introduced, including their definition, relevant legal and historical information (such as the right to privacy as addressed in the Bill of Rights and interpreted by the Supreme Court), and examples relevant to students (such as other students going through their desks, lockers and belongings, taking their belongings or borrowing them without their permission, and copying their school work or answers to problems).

Students then complete thought-provoking worksheets on how they would feel if their rights were violated, what the consequences should be for the violator, whether all people’s rights, personal information and property should be respected and protected, and whether all people’s work and information on computer, in addition to physical property, should be protected. After completing the worksheets, students discuss their answers as a porno mexicano class.

Classification activities are included in two units. In one unit, students classify items and information as public or private (e.g., student’s desk, library book, newspaper). In another unit, students classify actions as requiring or not requiring permission (e.g., borrowing a sibling’s bicycle, reviewing a classmate’s story on a disk, reading a bulletin on a bulletin board). After each activity, the class discusses their rationale for classifying each item the way they did.

Alleta Baltes from Arapahoe School District #38 in Arapahoe, Wyoming, took top honors in the secondary school category of the teaching strategy competition. Her students participate in a mock trial of a case involving unethical use of technology. After a class discussion of relevant concepts (e.g., court procedures and U.S. beliefs in trial by jury and innocence until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt), students assume different roles — lawyers, judge, jury, witnesses, plaintiff, and defendent. Each student then researches the issues and positions of their roles. During the trial, all students practice writing by taking notes. Lawyers prepare and present opening and closing statements. The class debates the case and issues during their social studies class. The mock trial experience allows students to discover and learn about different viewpoints and legal aspects of responsible and irresponsible use of technology.

Additional teaching strategies submitted in the contest include having students research and discuss news stories on computer crime, list pros and cons of pirating software, and discuss which facts they would be comfortable with other organizations having about them and whether this information should be available for sale to others (David Heath, Friends School of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland).

Jeanine DeLay from Greenhills School in Ann Arbor, Michigan, has students develop billboards/posters to communicate ethical messages and standards to other students. She also has students conduct surveys of other students’ attitudes about computer ethics issues and brings in speakers for career day and asks them to address ethical issues in their talks.

Several teachers have students watch War Games, then followup with activities, including student ranking of actions observed in the movie on a continuum of most to least harmful and class discussion of the consequences of computer crimes. Reviewing software license agreements and discussing them as a class helps students understand the law and variations in policies across companies (Margaret Snyder, All Saints Catholic, Pottsville, Pennsylvania).

Class discussions are important in most strategies for teaching children computer ethics, as students have the opportunity to discover and better understand all sides of ethical issues and develop their own values. Other ethical issues teaching strategies addressed include anti-technology issues, such as job displacement, the impact of automation, health issues, using technology as tools of war, and equity issues.

Pleasant County Middle School (Pamela Mitchell, Belmont, West Virginia) issues student licenses after students have been introduced to and demonstrated an understanding of responsible use of technology. Licenses allow students to use the computer lab during class or study halls and are suspended for violations of responsible computing. Only 8 of 1,425 licenses issued have been suspended.

Suzy Bagley of Kaley Elementary School in Orlando, Florida, ties the teaching of computer ethics to the theme of pirates and Captain Hook. Students prepare stories that are to be shared with other students in the class. When they come to class the next day, however, their stories are on the bulletin board with the author named as Captain Hook. This leads to a discussion on how it feels to have someone take credit for your work and the consequences today if Captain Hook stole another’s ideas or work.

Louise Kaan from Dildine Elementary School in Cheyenne, Wyoming, captures students’ attention and increases their understanding of the importance of responsible computing with a short musical with raps and songs. The characters, created by attaching cardboard characters to garbage bags, include “Computerbug” who deletes and adds bugs to software programs; students who want to use diskettes as frisbees and put fingerpaint on the computer screen; “Bender” who bends and snatches disks from the disk drive when the “busy” light is on; “Copycat” who copies everyone’s disks and sends them to all his friends; and “Snatcher” who takes information and ideas as his own from other’s disks and from computers with a modem over phone lines. In each scenario, the computer monitor talks and explains to students why they want to keep these villains away from the computer.

Robbi Ray from Bruce Middle School in Louisville, Kentucky, sets up a database, then has students input their personal information, to be printed out and shared the next day with other students. When the students return to class, the teacher has made changes in each student’s information which leads to a discussion of how it feels to have your information tampered with and the importance of responsible computing.

Computer Learning Foundation Resource Guides

The Computer Learning Foundation serves as a clearinghouse of information for parents and educators by providing numerous low cost resource materials. All resource materials offered by the Computer Learning Foundation have been developed by or reviewed and carefully selected by the Foundation as the best available to help parents and educators use technology effectively with children.

Just click on a category below to see a list of all titles in that category. Then click on a specific title you would like more information about, and you will find more details on that title.  If you are looking for a specific title, you may also type the name in the Title field (or the Item No. in the Catalog # field if you have a copy of Computer Learning — make sure to delete any hyphens in the Item No.) to find it.

Ordering:  You may order online with a credit card.  You can also use this system to prepare an order for mailing it to the Computer Learning Foundation with a check or school purchase order.  Once you locate a title you would like to order, just click on “add” to add it to your shopping cart.  Continue browsing the Foundation’s catalog until you have selected all the items you wish to order.  For each item you order, there is a unit price and a unit shipping charge.  In addition, there is a $3 handling charge per order (not per item).  Once you have completed your shopping, go to checkout and you will see a total for your order.  An email confirmation will automatically be sent to you, so please type your email address carefully.  If you are preparing an order to mail in, just select the items you want to order, type your name and mailing address in check out and then print a copy of the final order on your printer (rather than submitting it electronically), and mail it to the Foundation with a check or school purchase order.  The Foundation accepts purchase orders from U.S. schools for orders over $50.  All others must be prepaid by check or credit card.)

Shipping and Returns:  All orders generally ship within 72 hours of receipt for delivery 5-10 business days later.  Orders in the U.S., Canada and Mexico are shipped by UPS, FedEx ground or U.S. mail.  Any returns must be within 30 days, must be in resalable condition and are subject to a restocking fee of 50 cents per item. Shipping and handling charges are nonrefundable.  Videos and CD-ROMs are non-returnable.
International Orders:  For orders from countries other than Canada and Mexico, the Computer Learning Foundation will send email with the total video porno shipping charges for approvalbefore shipping.